Eero Saarinen vowed to address the "ugly, confusing, unrestful world" he observed underneath chairs and tables -- the so-called "slum of legs". He worked first with hundreds of drawings, which were followed by ¼ scale models. Since the compelling idea was to design chairs that looked good in a room, the model furniture was set up in a scaled model room the size of a doll house.
Drawing on his early training as a sculptor, Saarinen refined his design through full scale models, endlessly modifying the shape with clay. “What interests me is when and where to use these structural plastic shapes. Probing even more deeply into different possibilities one finds many different shapes are equally logical—some ugly, some exciting, some earthbound, some soaring. The choices really become a sculptor’s choice.”
Saarinen was assisted by Don Petitt, of Knoll’s Design Development Group, who introduced several ingenious methods of model making. Together with a Knoll design research team, they worked out the problems arising in production. Full scale models became furniture and, with family and friends acting as “guinea pigs,” the furniture was tested in the dining room and living room of the Saarinen house in Bloomfield Hills.
Seat shell is molded fiberglass reinforced plastic bonded finish. Base is molded cast aluminum with black paint. Rilsan coated finish for black chairs. The signature of Euro Saarinen and the KnollStudio logo are located on the underside of the base.
GREENGUARD Indoor Air Quality Certified®
Minor abrasions and a few knicks to the black bonded finish which has exposed the white fiberglass below the finish. Surface scraches in bases. Fine condition overall.
Born to world famous architect and Cranbrook Academy of Art Director Eliel Saarinen and textile artist Loja Saarinen, Eero Saarinen was surrounded by design his whole life. By the time he was in his teens, Eero was helping his father design furniture and fixtures for the Cranbrook campus. After studying sculpture in Paris and architecture at Yale, Saarinen returned to Cranbrook in 1934.
It was at Cranbrook that Saarinen met Charles Eames. The two young men, both committed to exploring new materials and processes, quickly became great friends and creative collaborators. They worked together on several projects, most notably their groundbreaking collection of molded plywood chairs for 1940 competition Organic Design in Home Furnishings, sponsored by MoMA.
At Cranbrook, Saarinen also met Florence Knoll, who at that time was a promising young protégé of Eliel Saarinen. When Florence joined Knoll in the 1940s, she invited Eero to design for the company. Saarinen went on to design many of Knoll's most recognizable pieces, including the Tulip chairs and tables, the Womb chair, and the 70 Series of seating. In addition to these achievements, Saarinen became a leader of the second-generation modernists. Among his outstanding projects are the Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, and New York's CBS Building and TWA Terminal at Kennedy International Airport.
With proper care, your KnollStudio furniture should last for years to come. To help ensure the longevity of your purchase, below are helpful hints on routine cleaning for your KnollStudio piece. Most basic maintenance can be performed with common household cleaning products.
Clean with Windex, Fantastik, or other ordinary non-abrasive household soaps or detergents. For ink stains on white surfaces, use Soft Scrub. For scratches and chips, rub with Comet, Ajax, or other mild abrasives. For deeper scratches, use a good grade automotive acrylic-lacquer touch-up paint. Shine with a high grade auto polish. Never use harsh abrasives or steel wool.
Clean with damp cloth with diluted soap. Wipe dry with clean cloth. Do not use any abrasive or acid detergents.
Optional Scotchgard treatment protects fibers from dirt and staining. Wipe all spills immediately. Brush and vacuum every three to four months. Try a hidden area to test for color fastness.
Cleaning Code W-S: Water-based cleaning agents and foam or mild, waterfree solvents may be used for cleaning this fabric.
Apply a paste-type grease to swivel mechanism once a year.
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Knoll warrants to original buyer only that the products Knoll manufactures and sells to original buyer are free of defects in workmanship and materials for 5 years. Should any failure to conform to this limited warranty appear to a Knoll product during the applicable warranty period from the date of shipment, Knoll shall, upon prompt written notice, repair or replace, at its option and cost, the affected part or parts. Seating upholstery, textiles, leathers and finishes by Knoll carry a 3 year warranty.
This warranty does not apply to:
Normal wear and tear or acts or omissions of parties other than Seller (including user modification, improper use or installation of Products).
COM or other third party materials applied to Products.
Dramatic temperature variations or exposure to unusual conditions.
Changes in surface finishes, including colorfastness due to aging or exposure to light.
Except as specifically noted above, textiles and upholstery supplied by KnollTextiles.
Natural variations occurring in wood, marble, and leather shall not be considered defects, and the Seller does not guarantee the colorfastness or matching of the colors, grains or textures, or surface hardness of such materials. The Seller also does not guarantee the colorfastness of fiberglass panel surfaces.